Welcome to the Virtual Tour of the Dakota Dry Bean, Inc. pea and barley facilities.
Dakota Dry Bean has three processing facilities and one receiving station which are ideally located in key barley and pea growing regions of North Dakota offering dependable access to locally grown feedstock supplies and access to attractive downstream costumers. The facilities have received significant capital investment with approximately $9 million spent on facility improvements since 2015. As a testament to the quality of facilities, Dakota Dry Bean’s dry fractionated protein product has an industry leading 57% protein content (dry matter basis). These ongoing investments in operational improvements coupled with strong origination markets and end consumer demand position Dakota Dry Bean to deliver strong performance well into the future.
The Crary facility was completely rebuilt from early February 2015 into 2016. A totally new receiving system was built (bins, handling systems, dryer, cleaner, scale, and office). In addition a new splitting line, new rail shipping bins and handling system, and switching track were installed. Finally, the fiber line was upgraded in 2016 with improved equipment and dust suppression. A vibratory cleaner was added to remove the fines, the destoner was reconditioned and new screens added, a new negative air system was installed on the grinder to improve dust control and improve the consistency of the end product.
The Crary catwalks are used to access bin storage. In addition there are three legs visible in this photo including one main 8,000 bu/hr leg and two secondary 2,500 bu/hr legs. The legs send product to the clean, wet, or dry storage bins.
Peas are transferred from the process bin to a surge bin above the destoner. The splitting line has a capacity of up to 30,000 pounds per hour of peas. After the destoning, the peas are legged to the first cleaner for a final cleaning and then legged to the intake scale to get the raw product weight. The peas are dehulled and then split using a roller mill. The final cleaner removes remaining hulls and chips which are transferred to separate bins. The split peas go to the finished product scale and pneumatically moved to truck or rail bins for shipment. The PLC calculates the process yield between the two scales for trend line analysis.
Hulls are legged to a vibratory cleaner to removes fines and small seeds which are sent to the fines bin. The overs are legged to the destoner which separates the chips from the hulls by aspiration. The chips are sent to the Lakeview fractionation plant for processing. The hulls are sent to the grinder to be ground to customer specifications and then moved to the fiber bin and toted for shipment. The fiber line was built to easily handle all of the hulls from the splitting line and can operate in unison with or separately from the splitting line. Hulls can be sourced from other splitting operations if needed.
We have two rows of shipping bins for loading bulk hoppers cars, one row is used for pelleted product from the Lakeview fractionation plant and the other row is for loading split peas. The two rows of shipping bins have separate shipping and receiving systems to prevent any accidental product mixing. The rail loading capacity of each system is 5,000 bushel per hour. A dust suppression system for rail loading will be installed in September 2016.
Dakota Dry Bean started building the Lakeview dry fractionation plant in 2010 and completed the construction in 2011. The plant takes yellow peas and fractionates them into pea starch, protein and flour creating products for primarily pet food customers. The plant is noted for producing a high level protein product (approximately 57% protein on a dry matter basis). In 2015/2016 an extensive pelleting system was installed to meet customer needs. Currently the plant has more pelleting capacity than milling capacity to accommodate future expansion.
Dehulled peas and pea chips are sent to a surge bin above two intake scales that control the amount of product going to the two fine pulverizing grinders and for determining milling yields of the fractions. Material from each grinder is air lifted to baghouses, designed to match the grinder flow with the required amount of negative air, and then sent to the first classifier which removes the heavier starch product that is weighed through a finished product scale and pneumatically sent to finished product bins. The lighter material is air lifted to the classifier 1 air filter and sent to the second classifier which separates the heavier flour from the protein. The heavier flour is sent to another finished product scale to determine flour yield and then pneumatically sent to finished product bins. The lighter protein is sent to either a toting bin in the mill or to a storage bin for pelleting.
The pelleting process is able to utilize 4 product bins to produce a pelleted product to meet customer specification and has two pelleting lines utilizing three CPM pellet machines. The protein pelleting line is separate from the starch and the flour line. Both systems use overhead surge bins to feed into the variable speed feed screw to a conditioner where steam is added. The amount of steam and retention time in the conditioner are critical to making a good pellet. The conditioner empties into a force feeder that assists the flow of protein into the die. The rollers compress the protein through the die to produce the pellet.
On the protein line the pellet exits the pelleting machine to a drag conveyor and is legged to a vertical cooler to lower pellet temperature to within 10 degrees of ambient air temperature prior to storage in four 3,000 bushel bins dedicated to protein storage.
On the starch and flour line the products are transferred to a Scott mixer with the quantities controlled by the PLC into a scale above the mixer to meet customer specifications. The product is dropped into the mixer and opposing screw augers quickly blend the product and transfer it to a holding bin that feeds the surge bins above pellet machines. Once the pellet exits the pelleting machine a drag
The East Grand Forks plant started pearling barley in early 2008 upon completion of the milling line. The line capacity for pearled barley is 17,500 pounds per hour of raw barley. In 2013 roller mills were added to pearling line to meet the needs our customers for cracked pearled barley. The cracked line was much slower than the pearling line and could only process raw barley at 12,000 pounds per hour. Currently, sales are almost split evenly between pearled and cracked pearled barley. To improve plant performance, a new roller mill was added and changes were made to the line. Due to these improvements, DDB can process cracked barley at that same rate as pearled barley.
Barley is moved pneumatically from the raw product bins to the Bench Industries precleaner. The precleaned barley is conveyed to the destoner for destoning and then legged to the surge bin. From there it is transferred to a Buhler intake scale. From the intake scale the barley is sent to the four Buhler dehullers to remove the hull from the barley. The goal is to remove as much hull as possible but still leave the bran intact to maintain nutrient levels. The now pearled barley is sent to the Bench industries fine cleaners to remove any fines and other material. The pearled barley is then sent through an aspirator to remove any remaining fines and then weighed through the certified finish product scale and transferred to rail or truck shipping bins.